Bullying is behaviour that hurts someone else, such as name calling, hitting, pushing, spreading rumours, threatening or undermining someone.
It can happen anywhere, at school, at home or online. It’s usually repeated over a long period of time and can hurt a child both physically and emotionally.
Bullying that happens online, using social networks, games and mobile phones, is often called cyber-bullying.
A child can feel like there’s no escape because it can happen wherever they are, at any time of day or night.
Developing healthy brains
Every child needs loving, nurturing care from the adults around them if they are to develop the healthy brains they need to be able to thrive and this is even more important in the first few years of life. The toxic stress that abuse causes means that a child's healthy brain development can be impaired.
The good news is our brains aren't fully formed until around the age of 25, so there are plenty of opportunities to help young people develop the skills they need and overcome the impact of earlier toxic stress.
Watch this short film to find out more about the impact toxic stress has on a child’s healthy brain development